ALGERIA In short 2381741 km² for 33 million inhabitants, Algeria is the largest Maghreb country.
Bordered in north by the Mediterranean with a very long littoral rich in fauna and flora, it is prolonged in the south in the desert extents of the Sahara which were worth wealths of hydrocarbon layers to him. The countries bordering are Morocco, Tunisia, Lybie, Niger, Mali and Mauritania. Like other destinations (Pakistan, for example), Algeria disappeared from the catalogue of the tour operators. Tourism in Algeria concerns today practically only the immigrants or children of immigrants who come to pass from the holidays to the country, and, to a lesser extent, the old black feet, them also in a movement of return and nostalgia. Algeria is a country to be however discovered and it can be the right time to do so.
The country is in a situation more acceptable than ten years ago and there to go on a journey does not concern the exploit. The country has fabulous resources: Arab médinas like the kasbah of Algiers and the colonial cities. Punic, Roman and Byzantine archeological sites like Caeserea, whose superb sculptures out of marble and mosaic are exposed to the museum of Cherchell; Thamugadi (Timgad) and its and its arc checkerboard plan of Trajan; Cuicul (Djémila) whose superb monuments are nested in the mountain. Finally Saharan south and its great spaces, around Tamanrasset with surrealist Hoggar and its landscapes, and of with dimensions of Djanet, towards Tassili Ajjer which does not conceal exceptional prehistoric paintings. But a country they is not that monuments, they are also people, their memory and their immaterial inheritance (song, poetry, oral history). A culture of resistance, a dynamism with any test, the meeting with Algerian and Algerian are a goal of voyage in oneself. Sites registered by UNESCO: Kalâa of Blessed Hammad (1980), Tassili Ajjer (1982), Valley of Me Zab (1982), Djémila (1982) Tipasa (1982), Timgad (1982) and the Kasbah of Algiers (1992).
CURRENCY: dinar. POLITICAL SITUATION: After several difficult years, Algeria breathes or tries to breathe. The country, held by Abdelaziz Bouteflika seeks its way between a democratic opening which has evil to settle and a police autocracy near to that of the close countries with an aim of barring the road with the extremists. TO TRAVEL IN ALGERIA Get to Algeria by plane (regular lines and charters, in particular for the Sahara) or by boat. Obligatory visa to take with the nearest consulate of Algeria.
TO TRAVEL IN ALGERIA BY PLANE Algeria is connected by air to the countries of Africa, of the Middle-East and Europe, the number of service roads with France being very impressive. Principal cities served from the airport Houari Boumediene of Algiers. International flights are also available of and towards Constantine, Oran etc. Most flights are serviced by Air Algeria. In North Africa: Agadir, Casablanca (Air Algeria, Royal Air Morocco), Tripoli, Tunis (Air Algeria, Tunisair); in Africa: Abidjan, Bamako, Dakar, Niamey, Nouakchott, Ouagadougou; in Europe: Athens, Basle-Mulhouse, Barcelona, Berlin, Bordeaux, Brussels, Frankfurt (Air Algeria, Lufthansa), Geneva, Lisbon, London (Air Algeria, British Airways), Luxembourg, Lyon, Madrid, Marseilles (Air Algeria, Air France), Montpellier, Moscow, Nice, Paris (Air Algeria, Air France), Rome (Air Algeria, Alitalia), Toulouse; with the Middle-East: Beirut, Damas, Doha (Qatar Airways), Dubai, Istanbul, Cairo (Air ALGERIA, Egypt Air) and Sharjah. TO TRAVEL IN ALGERIA BY SEA To cross the Mediterranean in the North-South direction with the ferries of the SNCM. Regular lines between Marseilles and Algiers, Annaba, Bejaia, Oran and Skikda. Grant twenty hours for a crossing. Ships also connect Algeria to Spain (Alicante or Barcelona) TO TRAVEL IN ALGERIA BY TERRESTRIAL WAY the adventure is likely to turn short. The border posts between Algeria and its many neighbors either are officially locked, or technically impracticable. Check before leaving, as you run the risk to find yourself blocked with the borders of the Sahara. TO CIRCULATE IN ALGERIA the Algerian territory is immense and counts nearly fifty airports. Air Algérie ensures of the connections between the principal cities of the country. The plane is in particular the only access road civilized to the cities of the south like Tamanrasset. To circulate in the northern part of the country is less problematic (many buses and railroads).
Algeria was administered as part of France until 1962, when it became independent. Iron-ore and phosphates (Two of the chief exports) are mined chiefly in the northeast and are exported through Skikda a town linked by a rail with Algiers (El Djizail), the port-capital. Oil fields in the Algerian Sahara include Hassi, Messaoud, whence oil is piped to Bougie, and Edjeleh, near the Libyan frontier.
It is a typical Mediterranean country and produces barley, wheat, olives, grapes and oranges. Algeria is known throughout the world for its wine production. It also produces Alfa grass used for making paper. Algiers, Constantine and Oran are the main cities of Algeria. Algiers is both the capital and important port of the country.