Here under Egypt, you will find travel information classified by city or region of Egypt, as well as general information.
Egypt is mainly in north-eastern Africa, with a smaller portion of its territory in southwest Asia. The population is 77 million and the majority of people live less than a mile away from the banks of the River Nile. Egypt is famous for its ancient civilization and some of the world's most amazing monuments like the Giza Pyramids, the Karnak Temple and the Valley of the Kings; the southern city of Luxor also contains quantity of ancient artifacts. Egypt's capital is Cairo, and Cairo is Africa's largest city. Egypt also offers some of the best diving destinations in Africa where there are various resorts to choose from.
Egypt's most important attractions can be found in Cairo (Giza, Memphis, Saqqara, Abusir and Dahshur), Alexandria, the Delta region, Luxor (temples and the Valley of the Kings), Upper Egypt, Aswan, Lake Nasser and Abu Simbel, the Western Oases, the Red Sea Coast and the Sinai Peninsula.
Egyptology appeared with the first translation of the Egyptian hieroglyphs by Frenchman Jean-François Champollion in 1822. It is nowadays the science of the history and culture of Ancient Egypt, from the first steps of the Ancient Egyptian civilisation in around 3000 BC, to the close of the last Egyptian temple between in the 6th century AD.
The history of Ancient Egypt is often divided into 8 or 9 periods, called Kingdoms.
The Great Pyramid of Giza, Great Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops), is the oldest, yet the only surviving of the Seven Ancient Wonders. It was built by the Egyptian pharaoh Khufu of the Fourth Dynasty around the year 2560 BC to serve as a tomb when he dies. With its 480 feet, it was ranked tallest structure on Earth for more than 43 centuries, only to be surpassed in height in the 19th century AD.
Egypt is an ancient country with civilization of thousand years. It was a country of Copt culture and traditions before the Arab invaders came and it was totally converted into Islam. The Nile river is the life force of the country and has proved itself the boom and nectar for the Egyptians. The Nile valley has deserts both in the east and west, Arabian, Nubian and Libyan deserts border it. Egypt has an area of 386,000 sq. miles.
Aswan dam's construction has made the economic prospects of Egyptians bright. Wheat, corn and rice are the major cereals, which are produced. Cotton is the cash crop and is the main source of foreign exchange. Oxen, Buffaloes and donkeys are used as domestic animals and sheep and goats are used for getting meat and milk. Cairo is the capital as well as the cultural centre of Egypt like Paris and Rome. Alexandria is port and most of the trade of the country takes through it. Suez canal is the most important canal of the world. It serves the trading interest of Africa, Asia and Europe.
By perennial irrigation agricultural production has been enormously increased, for, unlike the basin method, it allows full advantage to be taken of the hot season and so permits such crops as cotton rice, sugar-cane, and dates to be grown. All these require high summer temperature and much moisture. Cotton is by far the most important crop.
Cairo the capital, stands at the head of the deltas. Alexandria, the chief port, exports cotton. Mahalla Kubra, in the centre of the delta, manufactures textiles. Port Said lies at the northern end of the Suez Canal.
The Suez Canal, 103 miles long, by connecting the Mediterranean and Red Seas shortened the distance from England to India by 4,000 miles, to Australia by 1,200 miles, and to East African ports by some 2,000 miles. It was opened in 1869. Ships took 11 hours to pass through the canal. About a third of the vessels traveling through it, and a third of the tonnage, was British.