Libya, once the granary of the Roman Empire, was ruled by Italy from 1911 until the Second World War, when the country was liberated by British forces.
From the Mediterranean seaboard, Libya stretches south to the Chad and Niger Republics, and from the frontiers of Egypt, and Sudan Republic, it extends west to those of Algeria, and Tunisia. Most people live in the coastal belt, where dates, olives, oranges, and vines thrive in the oases.
The steppe merges into the sub-desert, which produces Esparto grass, and beyond spreads the vast expanse of desert, part of the Sahara, where the only fertile spots are the oases.
Libya is desert in character and only three islands namely Tripolitonia, Cyrenaica and Fezzan are inhabitable.
The main agricultural products are barley, dates and olive. Sheep and goats are the main sources of getting wool, meat and skin. Its area is 1759540 sq. km. It is a Republic and its capital is Tripoli and the language is Arabic. Large oil fields have been opened up at Elten, Dahra, and Deida, and from them oil is piped to costal terminals on the Gulf of Sirte. Libya's chief exports are crude oil. wool, Esparto grass, and olive oil.