Here under Morocco, you will find travel information classified by city, area or region of Morocco, as well as general information about this country so intrinsically beautiful and rich with heritage.
Moroccan coastline on the Atlantic Ocean passes the Strait of Gibraltar into the Mediterranean Sea. Moroco borders Algeria to the east (howeber, the Algerian border is not open), Western Sahara to the south, the Mediterranean Sea and Spain to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to its west.
The area of current Morocco has been inhabited since the Neolithic times, ca 8000 BC. Signs of the Capsian culture, coming from times when the Maghreb was less arid than it is today, are there to prove it. Many linguists say that the Berber language probably arrived at approximately the same time as farming, and was adopted by the contemporary population.
Morocco covers an area of 172,000 square miles. Its population is 34 million. The official language is Arabic; French is widely spoken (the Kingdom of Morocco recovered its political independence from France in 1956).
Morocco is a country of many ethnic groups with a rich culture and civilization. Through Moroccan history, Morocco hosted many peoples coming from both East (Berbers, Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Jews and Arabs), South (Africans) and North (Romans, Vandals, Moors and Jews).
Each region has its own specificities, contributing thus, to a national culture. Morocco has set among its top priorities the protection of its legacy and the preservation of its cultural identity.
Ethnically and culturally speaking, Morocco nowadays can be considered the least Arabic among Arab countries. Most of its population are of Berber origins.
The valleys and lowlands facing the Atlantic are the most productive and thickly peopled part of Morocco. Phosphates and citrus fruits are the chief exports. It has Mediterranean type of climate. Steppe and desert climate are also experienced. Atlas ranges also influence its climate. Its agricultural products are wheat barley, vegetables and fruits. Phosphates, rock, Zinc, iron ore and lead are the minerals that are found here. Manganese is the most important mineral of Morocco. People are of mixed race and most of the people have embraced Islam. Morocco is ruled by a king and monarchy. Rabat is its capital and other important cities are Casablanca and Marrakech being the religious capital.