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Tanzania - Lake Tanganyika

has an area of 945087 sq. km. with capital city known as Dar es Salam.

Swahili is the main language of the people. Agriculture is the main occupation followed by mining.

Sisal is the main agricultural product, which is 1/4 of the total export. Coffee and cotton, gold, diamonds are some other items of export. Zanzibar and Pemba, once having separate identity, are now the integral parts of Tanzania.

About Tanzania

Human and pre-human hominid fossils dating back over two million years have been found in Tanzania, making it one of the oldest inhabited areas on Earth. Tanzania derived its name from Tanganyika and Zanzibar that united in 1964. The United Republic of Tanzania is bordered by Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique and the Indian Ocean. Tanzania has an area of approximately 947,300 sq km, and a population of over 38 million. There are 26 regions, or mikoa, in Tanzania. Dodoma is the capital of Tanzania. Dar es Salaam is the principal commercial city of Tanzania, and its seaport also serves the neighboring landlocked countries. Tanzania has wet and dry seasons, and temperatures can easily rise above 35C during the dry season. Tanzanians are warm, polite and welcoming. The best times to visit Tanzania are from June to August, and January to February.

Visiting Tanzania

The currency is Tanzanian shilling, which is subdivided into hundred cents. Organized tours, safaris and treks can be expensive. A visa is required for travel to Tanzania, and it is advisable to get it in advance. Single entry visas are valid for three months. A budget traveler should plan to spend US$20 to US$30 per day for a basic room, food and public transport. Top-end luxury travel could cost US$150 to US$500 per day.

Tanzania offers visitors a variety of options including cultural diversity, wildlife watching, small fishing villages, or relaxing on the beaches. The Great Rift Valley, which is approximately 6000 km long running from Syria to central Mozambique, passes through northern Tanzania. The top travel destinations include Mount Kilimanjaro, Pemba, Kolo-Kondoa Rock Art, Zanzibar, Ngorongoro Crater, Lake Manyara National Park, Usambara Mountains, Serengeti National Park, Lake Victoria and Mafia.

There are over 130 amphibian and 275 reptile species in Tanzania. The Grey-Faced Sengi species of elephant shrew, for example, was recently discovered in 2005. The Lesser Flamingo, a threatened species, nests in the salt marshes of Lake Natron. Much of the Tanzanian interior is too dry for living. There is considerable wildlife habitat that participates in large-scale annual migration, and hundreds and thousands of wildebeest perish each year during the dry season.

The Kalambo Falls are the second highest in Africa, and is Tanzanias main tourist attraction. Africa's highest peak, Mount Kilimanjaro, is in the north-eastern mountainous region. Africa's largest lake, Lake Victoria, lies to the north. Africa's deepest lake, Lake Tanganyika, lies to the west. It is also the second largest freshwater lake, and the longest lake in the world. Unique species of fish have been found in Lake Tanganyika. Fish from Lake Tanganyika is exported all over East Africa. Central Tanzania is a plateau, with arable land. The island of Zanzibar lies offshore along the eastern shore. Ngorongo Crater, Serengeti National Park, Selous Game Reserve, Mikumi National Park and Gombe National Park are ecologically significant wildlife parks. Dr. Jane Goodall conducted her famous studies on chimpanzee behavior in the Gombe National Park.

Readers' comments

Dar Es Salaam is a very cool place. It is a city found in Tanzania - East Africa. Located on the coast of the Indian Ocean.

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