When in search for the place where beautiful people, grand festivities or carnivals, top notch football players, soothing music, and gorgeous beaches thrive, the road will only lead you to Brazil. Relative to the size of the country, diversity in culture, tradition, and natural resources is also immense. Travelers looking for a complete experience of both urban and traditional lifestyle will certainly enjoy what Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Sao Paolo, Recife, Olinda, the Amazon jungle, and the rest of Brazil can give.
Travelers might want to join the festive mode of the world famous Rio Carnival, take a pilgrimage to the large rock statue of Jesus on top of Corcovado, enjoy the sun, the wind, and the waters and party atmosphere of the Ipanema and Copacabana beaches, soothe and groove to the melody of Jazz, Brazilian, and Portuguese music, have a trek at the virgin Amazon jungle and surrounding forests, and many more attractions and activities.
Brazil's Geography and Climate
Brazil is the largest country in South America (Latin America) and ranked 5th globally. With its massive size of approximately 8,511,965 square kilometers, it covers almost half of the entire Sothern American region. Due to its size, Brazil borders several Latin American countries from the north, west, down to the south. These include French Guinea, Suriname, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina, and Uruguay. The country also boasts a long stretch of costal beach frontage of the Atlantic Ocean for more than 7,000 kilometers.
Brazil has its own diversity in terms of the climate, but generally, it enjoys the tropical warmth and breeze of the southern region. The northern parts of the country where several rainforests and the Amazon region is located, there is a wet and dry season; the other half down south enjoys months of spring, summer, fall, and winter.
History, Politics, and Economy
Brazil, similar to its neighboring Latin American countries has its own flourishing native tribes and people until the exploration showdown between the large European empires in the 14th and 15th centuries commenced. The British, Spanish, Portuguese, French, and other empires have sailed across the great Atlantic, Indian, and the Pacific in search for new land, slaves, food, and material. The Portuguese have managed to colonize the early territories of Brazil and have slowly widened its jurisdiction by colonizing neighboring regions held by Spain and France. Portuguese occupation lasted for more than 300 years until independence was declared in September 7, 1882 and the form of government was changed into an independent monarchy.
The lie lowing of its last monarchical ruler Pedro II have become a opportunity for political factions backed-up by the military to overthrow his rule in 1889 and establish a republican government which initially is under military dictatorship. From the military leaders, transition to democratic leadership was only made possible until 1985. Hence, a president elected by the majority of people leads the country until today.
Throughout history, Brazil is economically known for its natural resources like wood products, sugar, grains, and other agricultural produce, including various mineral resources like gold.
Culture, People, and the Arts
Diversity in Brazilian's heritage may be observed. There exist several native South American and Amazonian tribes up until now, and the majority of the Brazilian population is a mixture of European, American, African, and Asian bloods. This is because slavery and worker importations have been wide practices during the colonial period.
The national language is Portuguese, religion is mainly Catholic Christian, and building constructions are mixtures of Mediterranean and European, inclination towards artistry and education have been influenced by a mixture of traditions. Obviously, much of these have been results or influences of the 300 year Portuguese reign. Variety in food and music is widely evident in Brazil as well.