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Alaska

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Alaska

State covering the northwest tip of North America and separated from the rest of mainland USA by Canada. Alaska is the largest state of the Union, with an area of 1 518 800 km2 (586 400 sq miles).

Alaska
Alaska

It includes the Aleutian Islands, the most westerly of which -Attu - is just 90 km (55 miles) across the Bering Strait from the USSR. Formerly known as Russian America, Alaska was bought from Tsarist Russia in 1867 for US$7.2 million, and became America's 49th state in 1959. The discovery of gold in the late 19th century and oil in the 20th both prompted population booms as tens of thousands of prospectors headed for the desolate wastes of the area. Today, the main products also include timber, fish and quartz. The southern mountains of the Alaska Range - a growing tourist attraction - contain North America's highest peak, Mount McKinley (6194 m, 20 320 ft), in DENALI NATIONAL PARK. The state capital is JUNEAU.





Juneau USA Capital of Alaska, lying in the south-eastern 'panhandle' of the state, about 400 km (250 miles) north-west of the state's southern boundary. It was a gold rush town in the 1880s, but today it is a port and fishing centre. It is linked to the rest of the state only by sea and air, and a site for a new capital at Willow, north of Anchorage, was chosen in 1976, but no action has yet been taken.














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