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Louisiana

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Louisiana

Louisiana is a fertile southern state covering 125 675 km2 (48 523 sq miles) mainly between the Mississippi river, the Gulf of Mexico and the state of Texas.

Louisiana
Louisiana

Most of the state is lowland, and the Mississippi, flanked by levees (banks) to reduce flood risks, is above the level of the land on either side. The climate is mostly subtropical, and rice, sugar cane, cotton and soya beans are grown. Other products include sulphur, oil and natural gas, chemicals and foodstuffs.





The name Louisiana - after the French King Louis XIV - originally applied to the entire Mississippi river basin, which was first settled by the French in 1699. After losing the territory to England and Spain, then regaining the Spanish (western) part in 1800, the French sold the remainder to the USA in 1803 for US$15 million (the Louisiana Purchase). In 1812 the southern part of this territory became the state of Louisiana, but many French and Spanish influences can be seen to this day. NEW ORLEANS is the main city and BATON ROUGE the state capital.





Baton Rouge USA

Baton Rouge is the State capital of Louisiana, on the Mississippi river about 240 km (150 miles) from its mouth, but easily reached by ocean-going vessels. It is the seat of Louisiana State and Southern universities and a busy trade centre.










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