New York is the second most populous state (after California), lying on the Atlantic coast and covering 128 402 km2 (49 576 sq miles).
It includes LONG ISLAND and the valley of the HUDSON river, stretching north-west to Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian border. The Adirondack Mountains rise to more than 1600 m (5250 ft) in the north-east; in the south lie the Catskill Mountains and part of the Appalachians.
The state's chief products are dairy goods, fruit, vegetables, salt, cement, stone, instruments, books and printed material and electrical equipment. NIAGARA FALLS and New York City are the main tourist attractions. ALBANY is the state capital.
It was the Dutch colony of New Netherlands until 1664, when it was annexed by the British and renamed after the Duke of York, brother of King Charles II. New York was one of the 13 original states of the Union.
New York is also the country's most populous city, known affectionately as the Big Apple, and the centre of a conurbation spreading into neighboring parts of Connecticut and New Jersey that contains 17.8 million people - one of the very biggest, if not the biggest, in the world.
It lies on the east coast, and began in 1609 as a trading post on Manhattan Island at the mouth of the Hudson River. It later grew as the Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam, and its fine natural harbor attracted a flourishing trade even before it was captured and renamed by the English in 1664. It greatest period of growth was, however, in the 19th and 20th centuries, when it was the gateway to the New World for millions of European immigrants.
The city has now spread north to Bronx and Yonkers, eastwards across the East river to Queens and Brooklyn on Long Island, and west across the Hudson River to Jersey City and down to Staten Island.
New York is the financial and trade centre of the country, its leading port and an important manufacturing centre. Its heart is still Manhattan, where the financial sector is based in and around Wall Street - the site of a boundary stockade, or wall, built by Dutch settlers in 1653 to protect themselves from raiding English colonists and Indians. Many other businesses have their headquarters in 'midtown' Manhattan, near the southern end of Central Park, while heavier industries stand on reclaimed river marshes. However, some lighter industries, such as clothing, remain near the city centre, whose famous skyline is dominated by such skyscrapers as the 381 m (1250 ft) high Empire State Building and, near Wall Street, the twin 411 m (1350 ft) World Trade Center towers. The city is rich in educational and cultural centres, with several universities, numerous museums (including the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Museum of Modern Art), the Lincoln Center for the Performing A
Arts (incorporating the Metropolitan Opera House) and a host of theaters in or near the street called Broadway. The United Nations headquarters stands beside the East River.
Albany is the Capital of New York State and the oldest city in the country still operating under its original charter, granted in 1686. It stands on the Hudson River, about 210 km (130 miles) north of New York City.
The Bronx is Okay. There's a lot of fun stuff to do, there's arcades and then we have Manhattan which is full of excitement!!