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Tennessee is a South-central state covering 109 412 km2 (42 244 sq miles) between the Mississippi river and the Appalachian Mountains.

Nashville, Tennessee

The Tennessee and Cumberland rivers have both been extensively dammed for flood and navigation control. Cattle, tobacco, dairy goods and soya beans are the main farm products. Coal and zinc are the chief minerals, and chemicals, electric equipment and foodstuffs the principal manufactures.

Nashville is the state capital and Memphis the largest city. Memphis is also the home of country and western music. It was founded in 1779 on the Cumberland River, about 240 km (150 miles) east of the Mississippi river. Apart from recording studios, its industries include footwear, glass, rubber, aircraft components, printing and publishing, and it is also a university centre.

Tennessee is also a river rising in the Appalachian Mountains of North Carolina and flowing 1050 km (652 miles) south-west, then west and north through Alabama, Tennessee and Kentucky into the Ohio river, a tributary of the Mississippi. In 1933 the Federal government set up the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) to provide flood control and navigation improvement on the Tennessee and lower Mississippi rivers. It also aimed to improve the living conditions in a depressed area by encouraging better agricultural and forestry practices and reducing soil erosion, and by providing hydroelectric power for domestic and industrial use. The TVA covers some 103,500 km2 (39,950 sq miles) in seven states; its headquarters are at Knoxville.

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