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Afghanistan has a population of 30 million, and a land area of 250,000 square miles (about twice the size of Italy).


There is no sea in Afghanistan. The highest mountain, at 24,500 feet above sea level, is Nowshak. Years of civil war, and poor natural resources, make Afghanistan one of the poorest countries in the world. Kabul is the capital and a logical stop for any traveler to Afghanistan. Other interesting places include:

  • Bamian Buddhas. Once considered one of the world's wonders, these big stone statues were destroyed by the Taliban
  • Shamali Plain
  • Panjshir Valley
  • Salang Pass pass and tunnel, north of Kabul
  • Mazar-e Sharif (Blue Mosque, Qaila Jangi fortress)
Once you reach Afghanistan, 4WD vehicles can be hired together with drivers who speak some English. For the time being, Afghanistan still does not offer good security for tourists. Some companies do offer guided tours from Pakistan. Afghanistan remains highly unsafe, especially outside Kabul. If you travel to Afghanistan, you should maintain a very high level of security and stay in contact with your consulate or embassy.

The most easterly part of the plateau of Iran stretching towards the slope at the Hindu Kush and the Pamirs, forms the buffer state between Pakistan and Russia. The greater part of this country consists of steeply slopes arid plateau and with stretches of rough herbage on which feed fat tailed sheep and mountains whose snow-clad heights are one of the main features of the land scapes. Here and there in irrigated valleys and plains are fields of wheat and barley, vegetables and a variety of fruit including figs apricots, apples ploms and cherries.

There are no navigable rivers, no railways but a few good roads-the chief is that from Kabul, the capital running through the Khyber pass to Peshawar. Another road links Kabul with Kandahar whence caravans with fruit and animals for sale, cross the frontiers into Pakistan on their way to Quetta. It has an area of 647497 sq. km. It is a democratic republic. The capital city is Kabul and languages are Pushtu and Dari. Afghanistan is mountainous. It is landlocked country and does not have any boundaries with Arab countries. The only relation, if any is that of religion. It has been included in this group of countries because of its dryness which is similar to others. Annual rainfall is less than twenty inches. Agricultural activity is concentrated in the areas of irrigation facilities. Economic backwardness is the main characteristic of the country and dry fruits are the main exportable items.

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