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China: Introduction - Physiography, Climate - Agriculture, Industry and Resources, Population - China's rimland

Here under China, you will find travel information classified by city or region of China, as well as general information.

The People's Republic of China is the world's most populous country, with a population of over 1.3 billion people, most of whom are of Han Chinese ethnicity. The land area of China is 3.7 million square miles (world's 4th largest country; slightly larger than the U.S.A..


In the east of China, next to the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea, there are large and highly populated alluvial plains; the area next to the South China Sea has more mountains and southern China hill countries and lower mountain ranges. In the central-east of China flow the deltas of China's two major rivers, the Huang He and Yangtze River (Chang Jiang). Other rivers are the Xijiang River, Mekong, Brahmaputra and Amur. To the west of China, there are huge mountains, mainly the Himalayas with China's highest point Mount Everest, and high plateaux are a feature.

The Great Wall of ChinaChina's traditional values were derived from Confucianism. Some aspects of that culture were banned by the Maoists and the communist regime. Nowadays, much of traditional Chinese culture has been accepted by the people and regime as an integral part of Chinese society. Chinese art and Chinese cuisine remain an important part of travel to China.

Major cuisines in China are:

  • Cantonese / Chaozhou / Hong Kong: emphasis on freshly cooked ingredients and seafood; Dim Sum / Yum Char (small snacks usually eaten for lunch/breakfast) are a highlight
  • Sichuan: hot and spicy
  • Beijing: home-style noodles and baozi (bread buns), peking duck, and cabbage dishes, great pickles; a plain style

Major travel destinations in China are: Beijing (capital, 2008 Olympics), Guangzhou (a business center), Shanghai (riverside scenery), the Great Wall of China, Tibet, the 1,500-year-old Yungang Grottos near Datong in Shanxi Province.

The main travel dangers in China are traffic accidents. Crime is quite rare. Hygiene in public bathrooms makes them almost unusable.

See the official website of the China National Tourism Administration.

Next: Introduction - Physiography

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