India\'s population is close to 1.1 billion. It is the second most populous country in the world (after China). India\'s land area is 1.3 million square miles (half of Australia; one-third of the US.
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Stone Age rock paintings at Bhimbetka in Madhya Pradesh are the earliest known traces of humans in India. The first permanent settlements appear to be 9,000 years old and made the Indus Valley Civilisation. In 1857, most of India came under the control of the British Empire. The struggle for independence was led by Mahatma Gandhi, regarded universally as the father of modern India. India gained full independence from British rule in 1947.
The main religions in India are Hinduism (80%) and Islam (13%).
The north of India is made up of the Himalayan Range. The center and east of India is the vast Indo-Gangetic plain. In the west of India, lies the Thar Desert. The south of India is almost completely the Deccan plateau. On that plateau\' sides, there are two small mountain ranges, the Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats. India gets most of its rains through the monsoons.
India has three distinct seasons:
Summer - from March to June
Rainy - from June to October
Winter - from November to March
India receives about three million visitors per year. Tourism is an important but under-developed source of national income.
There are many good reasons to travel to India. India has a rich cultural heritage, and has preserved its traditions throughout the centuries. See the Taj Mahal, but also holy cities like Amritsar, Varanasi, Ayodhya, Mathura, Haridwar, Hrishikesh, colorful Hindu temples. Major cities to travel to are New Delhi (capital), Agra (Taj Mahal), Bombay (a.k.a Mumbai - financial capital, film industry), Chennai (a.k.a. Madras - temples), Mysore (Royal Palace).
Indian Cuisine is superb. The rich, mughal style of cooking of the North is different from the spicy fish curries of the South. In India eating with your hands is very common. Use only your right hand. Don\'t put your hand into serving dishes: use the left hand to serve yourself with utensils.
India also offers travel opportunities for the nature lover. Travel to thick forests and tropical jungle and spot tiger, leopard, deer, elephant, monkey and other mammals in the wild. Lodges and resorts in wildlife sanctuaries offer mammal and bird watching in Corbett National Park, Bharatpur Wildlife Sanctuary, Bandhavgarh National Park, Kanha National Park etc.
Hyderabad is a very cool place with diferent cultures, festivals, people and many more things. The best time of the year to visit Hederabad is Muharram and Ramzan. The best place here is Laad Bazaar, Char Minar, Nizamia Museum and Mecca Masjid. Whenever you visit dont forget to have pani puri, ice cream of famous, lassi of Shaalibanda and haleem of pista house.
Sagar is lovely hilly university town attracting students from different parts of India.
Pune (Poona) is very cool and it was one of the major hill stations in India but due to development in IT sector it has lost its beauty, but places that come in outskirts of Pune district; are yet beautiful like Lonavala, Khandala, Mahableshwar and so on! Pune has always been an important city, as it is the 2nd largest IT city in India after Banglore. For defence, Pune has always played an important role; from the time of Shivaji (one of greatest and most successful maratha king in Indian History), Pune was the Capital of maratha kingdom from where the army was controled. Even today Pune has not lost its importance in defence as Southern Command headquarters is situated Pune. And NDA is also situated in Pune; it is the only institution in India meant for joint training of Indian Armed Forces, from where major officers have come and also the Armed forces of Friendly nations is NDA (National Defence Academy). The reason why NDA was setup in Pune is because of its pleasent weather, which is favorable for training a cadet at NDA. Pune is full with forts of Shivaji! Mahableshwar which is the most beautiful place, is famous for lovers! People enjoy there. Not just Mahableshwar also but other places around Pune!
Madras is not it\'s real name. It has been changed to Chennai. I come to the question. It\'s really good to live in Madras.
It is fun living in Kanpur, the high spirited people,their way of talking, the crowded markets, the big malls and the pious beauty of temples and churches and the natural beauty is all very awesome. And I think that if you visit Kanpur you would be happier than happy.
Lahore is a city of lively people. Once you are there, you can\'t live in any other place on this earth. It is a city full historical places like Badshahi Masjid, Shahi Qila. The city can be divided in to two parts
1. old lahore which is also called androon shehar in urdu
2. new lahore
Lahore has a beautiful network of roads and Metro Bus services which reduce the pressure of traffic on the city.
Dehradun is a beautiful city in north India. It\'s the capital of Uttarakhand (one of the 28 Indian states). It\'s a valley surrounded by hills all around. The nearest hill station is Mussoorie, which is one of the most popular travel destinations in India and is known as the Queen of Hills. Dehradun is an education hub, as it is well known for its schooling. Dun school, Welhem Girls, Asian, St. Joseph\'s Academy are a few reputed schools of Dehradun. Apart from schooling, Dehradun is also known for its green surroundings. here you\'ll find the head department of \"FRI\" (Forest Research Institute). Here people basically speak Garhwali, Kumaoni, English or Hindi. Once there was a time when the retired army officers preferred Dehradun as the best place to dwell because of the calm environment, less population, and beautiful climate; but now the things are changing here, as there have been various changes around: various malls and cine-malls are coming up here, so it\'s kind of good, but it did affect the calm and quiet and pollution-free surroundings of Dun. I hope this info may help you a bit to know about my city... anyway, do visit dun :-)