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Jordan The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan has a population 5.8 million, and a land area of 36,000 square miles (the size of Portugal, or Indiana).

Petra, Jordan

The main religion of Jordan is Sunni Muslim (92%). The history of Jordan dates back to around 2000 B.C. in the Fertile Crescent region. Semitic Amorites settled around the Jordan River in the area called Canaan.

Jordan is mainly an arid desert plateau, with a Highland area in the west. Main cities in Jordan are Amman (capital), Irbid and Aqaba (Gulf of Aqaba / near Eilat in Israel, with links to the Sinai and the Red Sea).

Other travel destinations in Jordan are Jerash (Roman ruins), Kerak (Crusader castle), Madaba (mosaic map of Jerusalem), Petra (an ancient city carved in sandstone), Wadi Rum (granite cliffs, desert sand).

Jordan Tourism Board

Jordan both politically and economically has become unstable because of the creation of Israel in 1948. It does not have oil like others and its agricultural area is limited along the Jordan river. It mainly depends on the external financial aid for maintaining the refugees from Israel.

Jordan is largely a desert area but the western portion is fertile and produces citrus fruits, wheat, barley, lentils and water melons. The country's export is phosphates. Tourism is the main source of foreign exchange.

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