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Kazakhstan

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Here under Kazakhstan, you will find travel information classified by city or region of Kazakhstan, as well as general information.

Kazakhstan, also spelled Kazakstan, has a population of 15 million, and a land area of a million square miles (the size of Argentina; or four times Texas).

Traces of humans in Kazakhstan date back to the Stone Age; these early inhabitants would usually have pursued the nomadic pastoralism for which the region's climate and terrain are well suited.

Major cities in Kazakhstan are Astana (capital since June 1998), Almaty (former capital, a.k.a. Alma-Ata or Verny), Karaganda, Shymkent (Chimkent), Semey (Semipalatinsk) and Turkestan (a.k.a. Yasi).



Almaty, Kazakhstan's former capitalBecause of the Kazakhstan's large steppe, the Soviet government used Kazakhstan as a nuclear testing site and many rural areas suffer from various related diseases. Kazakhstan had the Soviet equivalent to Cape Canaveral, where the Soviet Union launched the Mir space station. Russia currently still manages the Baikonur cosmodrome.

Yet, the Caspian Sea and Lake Balkhash offer nature travel opportunities. The other main travel destinations are the capital Astana, the Aral Sea, Aktobe, Kostanay, Ust-Kamengorsk, Pavlodar, Karaganda, Petropavlovsk (Trans-Siberian railway), Lake Balkhash, Shymkent, Kyzyl-Orda, Taraz, and the mountains of the Tien-Shan. Also in the south is the biggest tourist attraction of Kazakhstan, the former capital Almaty built in the mountains, with more than one million people - the second largest city in central Asia.












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