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Austria: Small is beautiful, Attractions for Industry, Influence of the Church, Shot That Started a War, Magnificent Capital City, Vienna, Kitzbuhel, Lower Austria, Linz, Salzburg, Graz


Kitzbuhel, Austria

Ski resort in Kitzbuhel Alps, 80 km (50 miles) north-east to Innsbruck. In the middle ages it was the centre for iron, lead, copper and silver mining. The last mine closed in 1770, and skiing was introduced in the late 19th century.

Innsbruck Austria

Tourist resort, manufacturing city and the capital of Tyrol, on the Inn river 140 km (87 miles) south-west of Salzburg. In 1809 it was the headquarters of Andreas Hofer, the Austrian hero who led an unsuccessful revolt of Tyrolese peasants against Napoleon's Confederation of the Rhine, which Austria had joined after capitulating to the French. A statue of Hofer in the city marks the event.

Badly damaged in the Second World War, Innsbruck was extensively rebuilt. Its major buildings include the 18th-century imperial palace - the Hofburg, and a 16th-century Franciscan church (the Hofkirche), in which stands the magnificent tomb of the Holy Roman Emperor, Maximilian I (1459-1519). However, the emperor's body is buried at Weiner Neustadt. The city's industries include metal products, textiles, bookbinding and bell making.

Population 116 110

Next: Lower Austria

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