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Magnificent Capital City

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Austria: Small is beautiful, Attractions for Industry, Influence of the Church, Shot That Started a War, Magnificent Capital City, Vienna, Kitzbuhel, Lower Austria, Linz, Salzburg, Graz




Magnificent Capital City

Austria
Magnificent Capital City

Vienna, straddling the great waterway of the River DANUBE, is full of echoes of the past. Largely and magnificently rebuilt by the Hapsburg emperors in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, the city is laid out on an imperial scale quite disproportionate to Austria's present size and wealth. More than 4.5 million people visit the city each year -more than twice as many as live there. Many of the tourists are from Eastern Europe, particularly Hungary, Austria's former imperial partner. The attractions are the Hofburg and the Schonbrunn palaces, the cavernous Stephansdom, the great church of Karlskirche and the lavish Opera, home of the Viennese waltz made famous by two composers, a father and a son both named Johann Strauss. This city of music inspired other composers: Mozart, Beethoven, Brahms, Schubert, Haydn and Mahler all lived there for long periods,



Vienna has less highbrow attractions, too: comfortable pavement cafes and coffee houses, and jovial Heurigen - small winebars, which are often in farmhouses, near the city and which specialise in selling new wines.



AUSTRIA AT A GLANCE

Area 83 853 km2 (32 375 sq miles)

Population 7 540 000

Capital Vienna

Government Parliamentary republic

Currency Schilling = 100 groschen

Languages German (99%), plus 1% Magyar and Slovene

Religion Christian (88% Roman Catholic)

Climate Temperate continental; average temperature in Vienna ranges from -4 to 1°C (25-34°F) in January to 15-25°C (59-77°F) in July

Main primary products Cattle, sheep, wheat, maize, potatoes, hay and fodder, barley, sugar beet, vines, temperate fruits, timber; oil and natural gas, lignite, iron ore, magnesite, graphite

Major industries Agriculture, iron and steel, machinery, forestry and wood products, chemicals, textiles, oil and gas production and refining, wine, beer, food processing

Main exports Iron and steel, machinery, timber and wood products, chemicals, textiles, meat and dairy produce

Annual income per head (US$) 7737

Population growth (per thous/yr) Declining Life expectancy) Male 69 Female 77

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