Federated States of Micronesia
Federated States of Micronesia
The Federated States of Micronesia
The Federated States of Micronesia, or �FSM� as it is often referred to as, is a nation comprised of approximately 1500 small islands. It is situated 2,300 miles north of Australia and is a popular holiday destination on accountof its beautiful beaches, breathtaking scenery and fascinating history.
The FSM has also become a cruise vacation destination in recent years, with vessels calling at ports on the islands as part of Australia-East Asia circular tours. It contains a combination of American, Japanese and local island cultures and is frequented by scuba divers and hikers because of the wealth of diving and walking opportunities that it holds.
Sites of Historical Interest
The FSM has some intriguing historical ruins that make it a worthwhile destination for history buffs and archaeology enthusiasts. Perhaps the most impressive of these sites is the ancient ruins of Insaru on the island of Kosrae, which date all the way back to 1300 AD and are the remains of what was once a large, majestic city. The ruins attract historians and archaeologists from around the world and rank amongst the country�s top tourist attractions. The ruins of Nan Modol on the island of Pohnpei are another popular site. They are towering stone structures that are said to have been the inspiration for the city of Ry�leh in speculative science fiction author HP Lovecraft�s novel The Call of Cthulhu, making this an essential location to visit for fans of Lovecraft�s books.
Holidaymakers with an interest in diving can go snorkelling and scuba diving in the world-renowned Chuuk Lagoon in Chuuk State. The bottom of this lagoon is host to over sixty sunken Japanese ships that were confined to its waters during a raid on the harbour carried out in 1944 and it is also filled with a vast array of corals and exotic sea creatures, meaning that it holds no shortage of sights to see. The best time to go diving is between December and May, as the temperature is warm during this period and the water is calmer than it is at other times of the year.
Hiking in the FSM
There are plenty of good walking routes on the islands, especially on Pohnpei, which is home to breathtaking mountains lined with cascading waterfalls and tropical rainforests that are filled with a whole host of unusual flora and fauna. Guides are on offer to ensure that those wishing to explore the scenery do not end up getting lost and make sure that they remain safe during their treks. Mount Finkol on Kosrae is another popular hiking destination. It takes approximately five hours to trek to the top of the mountain but the view is well worth it, as the peak is considered to offer the best panorama in the nation.
Swimming and Boating
The best-known boat trip in the FSM is on the island of Pohnpei and takes travellers from the coastal town of Kolonia to Nanpil River. Those embarking upon this journey will reach a huge, natural pool that is good for swimming and witness the impressive Lidduduhniap waterfalls. There are plenty of picnic spots to stop off in along the way, where packed lunches can be enjoyed from within the lush rainforest environment.
Staying Safe on your Trip
Although the FSM has a low crime rate compared to most other countries, foreigners are often targets of non-violent crimes such as break-ins and thefts and Chuuk State has a much higher crime rate than any of the other regions so it is advisable for holidaymakers visiting this state to remain vigilant during their trips. The islands are also vulnerable to a range of different natural disasters, including cyclones, hurricanes, severe droughts and floods, so it is important for anybody taking a vacation in Micronesia to monitor international and local weather updates from the World Meteorological Organisation whilst they are there and follow any relevant instructions that are issued by the Micronesian authorities regarding extreme weather conditions. The water surrounding the islands can be just as treacherous, with rogue waves occurring every now and again and strong channel currents with the potential to endanger swimmers. It is therefore essential for tourists taking part in adventure sports to use the appropriate safety equipment and wear the recommended clothing in order to remain safe.