Economic Geography: Definitions
The Economic Geography has been defined in different ways with same theme by different scholars. Some of the definitions are given below.
Alexander: "Economic geography is the study of an areal variation on the earth's surface in man's activities related to producing exchanging and consuming wealth."
Jones and Drakenwald: "Economic geography deals with the productive occupations and attempts to explain why certain regions are outstanding in the production and exportation of various articles and why others are significant in the importation and utilization of the things."
R.N. Brown: "Economic geography is that aspect of the subject which deals with the influence of the environment- inorganic and organic on the activities of man."
Huntington: "Economic geography deals with the distributions of all sorts of material resources, activities, institutions, customs, capacities, and types of ability that play a part in the work of getting a living. Hence, economic geography combines three main phases-agriculture, industrial and commercial but mining, lumbering, fishing must be considered. Economic geography, like every other branch of geography cannot be separated from physical geography. Its main problem is to discover ways in which the distribution of physical conditions influences the distribution of the methods by which people satisfy their need for food, clothing, shelter, tools and other products."
Gregor: "Economic geography is a study of how man makes in living a adjusting to his environment and the difference in those adjustments from place to place."
The Geographer is also interested in change, which has occurred in course of time. The economic activities in a given region are not static. They are dynamic owing to the use of modern technology, use of new resources, change in the needs of the people and external factors. Thus the economic geography of a region undergoes changes over a period of time. The migration of people from Europe into Australia has led to the development of resources and economic development of Australia. The launching of Five Year Plans in India led to the economic development of that country in all fields of economic activity. Here again, there are spatial differences in development, which is of interest to geographers. Why is it some regions have developed faster than others? If we can identify that, may be we can apply the same technique for developing a backward region. The quest is to examine the problem of spatial differences, formulate a hypothesis and use it for eliminating spatial differences in development.
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