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China Textile Industry
China is the world's largest cotton textile producing nation. Large cotton production and demand from large population has led to rapid growth in recent decades. The main centres are Shanghai, Rankow Nanking Tientsin, Harpin and Canton.
In recent years China has made rapid progress in the cotton textile industry.
It is estimated that China's production of cloth is well over 8000 million meters.
The large enterprises are the backbone of Chinese cotton mill industry. Yet, the great majority of the mills are medium and small sized.
Geographical distribution of textile mills now cover a much wider area. They are distributed over 18 provinces. The rapid progress has been possible due to-
(a) the large capital investments,
(b) the marked strides made in manufacturing simpler and easily made textile machines,
(c) the co-ordination among large, medium and small-sized mills under the management of local government
Shanghai, Hankow and Nanking are the important textile centres.
India: India ranks second in cotton textile industry with main centres at Bombay, Ahamedabad, Kanpur, Calcutta Madras and Coimbatore. Handloom and power loom sectors produce more cloth than large factories.
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