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Wool Textile Industry 2
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Europe: Great Britain had earlier leadership in the woolen industry. Still she is a leading producer of quality fabrics. The West Riding of Yorkshire has about 85 per cent of Britain's woolen industries. The chief centres are Bradford, Huddersfield and Leeds. In 1988 U.K. produced 155 m. sq. meters of woolen fabrics.
France: has woolen mills on the northern coalfields, at Lille, Roubaix and Tourcoing.
West Germany: (a) on the Ruhr coalfields, at Bremen and Elberfeld; (b) on the Aachen coalfields at Aachen.
The Saxon coalfield area, the Silesian coal field area, the Po Valley of Italy, the Swiss Plateau, Brno in Slovakia, Verviers in Belgium are important areas of wool manufacturing in Europe.
Russia: With an enormous internal demand Russia is now the leading producer of woolen fabrics. She depends entirely on local supply of raw-wool. In 1988 the Union produced 998 million sq. meters of woolen cloth.
The woolen mills are in (a) the central industrial district around Moscow, (b) St Petersburg, (c) the Ukraine's industrial centres and (d) the central Asiatic centres.
Japan: Japan's production strikingly declined after war damages. But the industry has been rapidly rehabilitated. She is now the second largest producer of woolen cloth, depending entirely on imported raw wool. In 1988 the country produced 355 million sq. meters of woolen cloth. Important wool manufacturing areas are (a) Osaka-Kobe and (b) Tokyo Yokohama.
The USA: The United States is one of the important producers of woolen clothes. Like cotton textile, woolen industry also is a declining industry in the USA Important manufacturing areas are:
(a) The New England states with Lawrence and Providence as the chief centres;
(b) Mid-Atlantic states with Philadelphia as the main centre;
(c) The Southern States in the Piedmont area.
New England has over half of U.S. wool-manufacturing capacity. Local weaving skill, the wool-importing port of Boston and the northeastern market are the chief advantages. The Piedmont area of the Southeast accounts for 25 per cent of country's production. In 1988 the U.S.A produced only 115 million meters of woolen fabrics.
India: Handloom plays an important part in wool manufacturing. The valley of Kashmir is particularly notable. Mill industry has developed at Dhariwal, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Kharar, Bombay, Jamnagar, Baroda, Ahmedabad and Kanpur. In 1988 India produced 23 million meters of woolen fabrics. The woolen industry of India has yet to make development. The industry has four sectors - organized sector, hosiery sector, power loom sector and hand loom sector. India exports woolen goods, i.e. woolen carpets, floor rugs and mattings, blankets, shawls and readymade garments and hosiery to Russia, USA, Canada, UK and Australia mainly.
Except Russia, all the manufacturing countries depend largely on imports of raw wool from Australia, New Zealand, Africa, Argentina and Uruguay.
Carpet: Philadelphia, New York, New England and Pennsylvania in USA, Argentina, China and the countries of southwest Asia from Turkey to India are important sources of carpets. Agra and Mirzapur in U.P. are important carpet producing centres of India.