Dairying in the New Zealand The introduction of the refrigerator ship in 1882 helped New Zealand dairy farms to export their surplus dairy products-butter and cheese to distant places. New Zealand is the leading exporter of butter and cheese to England. The mild and moist climate of the country favors the growth of rich and luxuriant grasses and hay crops. Year-round pasturing is possible. Cool temperature also helps in handling dairy products.
These conditions jointly promoted the growth of dairy industry in New Zealand-particularly in the low rolling and humid plains of North island: which have about 80 percent of the total much cows of the country. The dairy districts have the facilities of ocean transportation, which is cheap. The people have developed co-operative to market their produce. The quality of product is checked by Government personnel in order to maintain its reputation in the world market.
In 1987-88 she produced 7 million tonnes of milk, 77 thousand metric tonnes of dried milk, 9 thousand metric of tonnes of condensed milk, 251 thousand metric tonnes of butter and 90 thousand metric tonnes of cheese. The number of dairy cows exceeds 2 million heads. In butter and cheese exports New Zealand stands first exporting about 36 percent and 30 percent of the total butter and cheese exports of the world.
Dairying in Australia. The southeastern part of Australia has developed dairying. The climate being humid permits the growth of grasses and feedstuff.
She produced 6 million tons of milk, 77 thousand metric tonnes of dried milk, 81 thousand metric tonnes of condensed milk, 105 thousand metric tonnes of butter and 142 thousand metric tonnes of cheese in 1987-88.
International Trade. Australia exports 18 percent of world's butter exports and 8 percent of world's cheese exports.
In the international trade in dairy products New Zealand, Australia, Denmark, Netherlands, Argentina participate as butter and cheese exporter, U.S.A. and Canada a Cheese exporters The United Kingdom, Belgium and tropical countries are the main buyers of butter and cheese. Australia, new Zealand and Denmark supply about 18 percent, 36 percent and 29 percent of world's total butter exports. The U.K. and Belgium take about 72 percent and 8 percent of total butter imports.