Speleology is a relatively new activity that appeared as such a century ago in France. Speleology offers the excitement of the great adventures in nature. In the course of a weekend or single day, the caver may be moved to a world as remote as they may be the deep sea or the surface of another planet. From the comfortable horizontal caves to the deep chasms, through labyrinthine complex systems, there are all kinds of cavities that require different levels of training and experience. Speleology may have different means for different tourists. Some tourists only want to see the caves and record them in their dairies. They don't want to spend even one night. But some others have extraordinary passion for their adventure and they love to take lot of challenges.
The practice of this sport requires some physical preparation but mental preparation is even more important. In a complex exploration, self-reliance and teamwork are essential. The underground world can be great or terrible depending on the preparation or bias of the visitor. As scientific activity attracts the attention of geologists, biologists, archaeologists and many others who are in an underground cavities suitable environment for research. From ancient times until today and the caves have been a refuge and habitat of many cultures, one of the places where archaeologists, anthropologists and paleontologists do their work.
Underground animal species have adapted to this strange world, losing their pigments and vision, developing a range change of meaning and survival strategies in line with the location.
It is important to access the techniques of caving. Know enough about it and the materials you need to carry it out.
Costume: tight clothes you have to choose the temperature of the cavity which you will explore. It is best to go to a place that specializes in sports.
Mono: must be waterproof, to prevent moisture or water penetration.
Gloves: necessary to protect the hands, one of the most fragile parts of the body.
Boots: Type of boots depending on whether the caves contain water or not, take rubber boots or hiking boots.
Harness: choose the comfort and safety that we report. The chest will maintain the stability during ascent.
Lanyards, ropes to which they fit a carabiner.
Descended or blockers, are very important because through them avoid falls.
Lamp, but are falling into disuse by the incorporation of the LEDs.
Bag or backpack: before choosing, take into account what it normally takes. Be careful with the handles as if many can be caught in the rocks.
Speleology has much to tell for the development of primary sciences (geology, hydrology, biology, paleontology, archeology), but also has much to contribute to the development of tourism as an economic activity. The challenge is multiple, but each achievement is the work of true pioneers.